12 NOVEMBER 2020 g. - WORLD DAY OF QUALITY
9 – 15 NOVEMBER 2020 g. - European Quality Week
For 30 years on the second Thursday of November is World Quality Day, and since the mid-90s of the twentieth century, the European Quality Week has been held annually.
AT 2020 g. World Quality Day celebrated 12 November. European Quality Week passes with 9 by 15 November under the slogan "Quality as a competitive advantage in the face of uncertainty".
In the modern era of highly competitive markets, emerging and naturally, и неожиданно кризисных явлений, единственным преимуществом для организации, обеспечивающим ее стабильное развитие, является качество.
Понимание качества как конкурентного преимущества подразумевает выпуск продукции или услуг с оптимальным соотношением качество – цена, позволяющим получать устойчивую прибыль.
При повышении конкурентоспособности и глобализации рынков, а также ускорении научно-технического прогресса и воздействии производств на окружающую среду и здоровье, появляются неопределенности, which is not always possible to predict. They pose risks for planning and implementation of future activities.. Understanding increased uncertainty must be considered in a variety of ways. for example, variability in the cost of raw materials and supplies, volatility of exchange rates, the emergence of innovative products and services, which are rapidly replacing traditional, etc.
Business protection in the face of such uncertainties is possible only by offering the quality required by the market on time, t. is. then, for which the consumer is willing to pay. Такой подход позволяет создать запас прочности для бизнеса в современной изменчивой непредсказуемой высокококурентной среде.
В Республике Беларусь качество – приоритет государственной экономической политики. В стране сформирована и постоянно совершенствуется национальная инфраструктура качества.
Госстандарт скоординированно развивает ее ключевые элементы – техническое нормирование и стандартизацию, единство измерений, оценку соответствия, аккредитацию, системный менеджмент.
The main guidelines in these areas of activity are security, quality and competitiveness of products and services; promoting innovation and resource optimization; reduction of technical barriers to trade; consumer protection; international recognition and trust.
The legal basis of the work carried out is constantly being improved.
So, 27 November this year, the new edition of the Law "On ensuring the uniformity of measurements" will come into force, which will increase the level of legal regulation in this area, will protect the interests of the state, organizations and consumers in accordance with modern challenges.
State standards help to implement the requirements of mandatory technical regulations and ensure the quality and competitiveness of products and services..
The collection of these documents, operating in the Republic of Belarus, currently has about 30 thousand.
During 2020 g. more than 450 state standards (STB and GOST). New developments related to mechanical engineering, transport, construction, electrical, food and other industries, services, management systems, creating a barrier-free environment.
About 60 % adopted state standards are harmonized with the requirements of international and European. This provides Belarusian manufacturers with ready-made technical solutions., developed by global industry leaders and recognized internationally or regionally, helps to remove technical barriers to the growth of export opportunities.
Canceled 384 standard, whose requirements have ceased to be relevant.
A draft of the Plan of State Standardization of the Republic of Belarus for 2021 g. В нем предусматривается проведение работ по 348 themes. Among them - development 8 changes to the technical regulations of the Eurasian Economic Union (Customs Union), and also order 300 STB and GOST, including changes to them, in various industries. 218 state standards will be harmonized with international and European.
So, more 50 GOST will be developed to support the implementation of EAEU technical regulations for low-voltage equipment, perfumery and cosmetic products, electromagnetic compatibility of technical equipment, limiting the use of hazardous substances in electrical and radio electronics products, oil, prepared for transportation and (or) using.
Over 30 state standards are aimed at promoting a gradual reduction in the use of polymer packaging with its replacement by environmentally friendly. The development of state standards in the field of management systems is provided..
Scientific and technical level check included 39 state standards.
Gosstandart makes a significant contribution to the development of technical regulation and standardization systems within the framework of integration entities, Firstly, YeAES.
Currently accepted 48 unified technical regulations of the EAEU, 43 of which entered into force.
Development in progress 11 new technical regulations, setting requirements for feed and feed additives, poultry meat and products of its processing, products, designed to protect the population in natural and man-made emergencies, materials, in contact with food, high voltage equipment, light rail transport, trams, etc..
Based on constant monitoring of the implementation of EAEU technical regulations and analysis of problematic issues on their application by organizations and businesses, as well as taking into account modern international and European requirements, existing technical regulations are being developed and amended.
For instance, drafts of amendments to technical regulations for the safety of low-voltage equipment prepared by the Republic of Belarus are at the final stage of development, electromagnetic compatibility of technical means, agricultural and forestry tractors and their trailers.
Our country is also the initiator and developer of changes in technical regulations for food products and their labeling., cars and equipment, limiting the use of hazardous substances in electrical and radio electronics products, perfumery and cosmetic products, packaging, lubricants, oils and special fluids, toys.
Любая промышленно развитая страна должна иметь современную метрологическую систему, которая обеспечивает получение объективной и достоверной измерительной информации для защиты интересов государства и общества от последствий недостоверных результатов измерений, экономии различных видов ресурсов и повышения качества и конкурентоспособности продукции.
Технической основой обеспечения единства измерений являются национальные эталоны единиц величин. They are developed within the framework of the State Scientific and Technical Program "Standards and Scientific Instruments".
The national reference base today includes 64 standard, related to such areas, as industrial and construction technologies and production; information and communication and aerospace technologies; medicine, pharmacy, Medical equipment; energetics, including atomic, and energy efficiency; agro-industrial technologies and production.
Among the new developments you can, eg, note the national standard for the gas volumetric flow rate unit (air). The unity and high accuracy of these measurements acquire a decisive role in the successful solution of the problems of rational use of natural resources., control and management of technological processes and product quality, evaluating the efficiency of production and economic activities of enterprises and entire industries, in the organization of fundamental and applied scientific research. The new benchmark will be in demand by the oil and gas industry, energy, metallurgy, housing and communal services, construction industry.
Compliance of goods with the requirements of technical regulations and standards is confirmed by laboratories and certification bodies, and their competence, impartiality and reliability - accreditation.
The register of the National Accreditation System includes more than 2 500 accredited entities, including product certification bodies, services, management systems, staff, test, gauge, calibration and medical laboratories, inspection bodies and proficiency testing providers.
Belarus is a signatory of agreements on mutual recognition of conformity assessment results with international accreditation organizations ILAC and IAF and the European Accreditation Organization (EA). The scope of the agreements covers all of the above accreditation areas. This creates conditions for confidence in the results of test reports and certificates of conformity., issued on the territory of the Republic of Belarus, from foreign partners.
In modern conditions, one of the most important tools for ensuring sustainable business competitiveness and increasing the efficiency of any organization is the introduction of modern management systems. This is what the Package of Measures aims to 2016 – 2020 years to stimulate the introduction of advanced techniques and modern international quality management systems into the country's economy, which is being completed this year.
With the assistance of Gosstandart, the country's organizations master and successfully apply advanced methods and tools of system management, consistent with international practice. This process is fraught with various difficulties., but it is very important for the sustainable development of every organization.
Today about 50 state standards for management systems and aspects for improvement. So, updated state standards in the field of production and supply to consumers of safe food and labor protection management.
Developed draft standards for knowledge management, innovations.
Number of organizations, certified management systems
|Management system type||Number of valid certificates of conformity|
|STB ISO 9001 (quality)||5 250|
|STB ISO 45001 (18001) (safety)||1 505|
|STB 1470 (food industry)||382|
|STB ISO 22000 (food supply chain)||73|
|STB ISO 14001 (Environment)||283|
|STB 16949 (quality in the automotive industry)||19|
|GOST ISO 13485 (quality in the manufacture of medical equipment)||11|
|STB ISO / IEC 27001 (Information Security)||6|
|STB ISO 50001 (energy management)||5|
To stimulate the activities of organizations to improve the quality and competitiveness of products, works and services, the introduction of modern methods of quality management is developing a republican competition movement in the field of quality and business excellence.
Expert commissions have already started assessing the activities 38 organizations-applicants for the title of laureate of the competition for the Prize of the Government of the Republic of Belarus for achievements in the field of quality-2020.
Within the framework of the competition "The Best Products of the Republic of Belarus", meetings of the regional competition commissions were held and the finalists were determined, who can participate in the second - republican - stage of the competition and apply for the title of its laureates.
An expert assessment of the materials of the competitions "Best Quality Manager" and "Best Thesis and Research Paper in the Field of Management and Quality Control".
Currently, Gosstandart is finalizing the draft program "Quality" for 2021 – 2025 the years. Документ будет сконцентрирован на создании условий для дальнейшего развития национальной инфраструктуры качества и поддержания ее на современном уровне. Он коснется в первую очередь сферы реального производства и будет включать такие блоки, как: техническое нормирование, стандартизация, аккредитация, испытания; компетентность; мотивация, стимулирование, пропаганда идей качества и делового совершенства. Развитие каждого из них имеет важное значение для организаций в целом.
The sectoral aspect of quality issues will be reflected in comprehensive programs for the development of sectors, the development of which is envisaged as part of the implementation of the Program of the country's socio-economic development for the next five years (the project is being finalized). Gosstandart will participate in the coordination of these programs, noting, whether they take into account quality issues and modern approaches to its provision.
The work carried out in the republic provides conditions for the high quality of the "Made in Belarus", trust and recognition of domestic goods and services in the domestic and export markets.