What do we know about synthetic detergents?
In the modern world, life cannot be imagined without household chemicals. Almost every family uses special synthetic detergents to wash clothes.. What is a detergent?
so, detergent, detergent (lat. detergeo - "erase") – substance or mixture, helping to wash anything from dirt.
Ancient people washed almost everything with plain water.. Truth, in waterless areas, they simply used sand: rubbed their stains. In many countries, roots were used for washing, bark or fruits of plants such as soapwort. Soap replaced all these improvised means.. by the way, exactly soap, or rather, its prototype can be called the first detergent, pioneering the long evolution of detergents.
The first synthetic detergents were invented in 1916 year by the German chemist F. Ponter, they were for industrial purposes, using them for domestic purposes was dangerous. Synthetic detergents, almost completely harmless to human health, non-irritating to skin and mucous membranes, appeared only in 1935 year.
What detergents do we use now? The modern market for household chemicals is characterized by a very wide range of choices, as in assortment, and in price categories.
Grodno Regional Inspectorate in the State Committee for Standardization 2021 control and supervisory activities were carried out, during which the quality of synthetic detergents was studied. And how to define it you ask? Answer: only in laboratory conditions.
The quality of each detergent is determined by two important indicators, established by GOST 32479-2013 "Detergents. Specifications "and affecting the efficiency of washing, consumer safety and property safety:
– detergency, which should be at least 85 % for powdered, granular, agglomerated and molded products, 80 % – for pasty, 60 % – for liquid (if this figure is higher – higher washing efficiency);
– foaming ability, which should be no more 180 mm (if higher – when washing in a car, excess foam can go into the tray for falling asleep powder and even go outside through the holes in the drum, what could cause a short circuit, and additional rinsing will entail additional resources).
During control and supervision activities, carried out by the Grodno Regional Inspectorate of Gosstandart in shopping facilities. Synthetic detergents were identified in Grodno and Grodno region, which did not meet the specified requirements. for example, powdery synthetic detergents for hand washing "Myth 3 at 1 Frosty freshness "and" Yat "with natural linden extract produced in the Russian Federation in terms of" washing ability "at a rate of at least 85 % amounted to 77.3 ± 6.0 % and 78.6 ± 3.9 % respectively. As a result of the tests carried out, the foaming ability of the MAYERI SENSITIVE COLOR washing gel (country of origin Germany) was 197 ± 5 mm, at norm no more 180 mm.
For some of the products sold, there were no conformity confirmation documents.
When carrying out control and supervisory measures of online stores, detergents were identified in the implementation of synthetic universal washing gels “HERR KLEE C.G. COLOR» и «HERR KLEE C.G. UNIVERSAL "produced by the Republic of Estonia, which were previously prohibited from import and circulation in our country by the order of the Chief State Inspector of the Republic of Belarus for similar reasons.
Business entities by the Grodno Regional Inspectorate of the State Standard issued orders to prohibit the sale of products, inappropriate to the requirements of technical regulations, and also issued recommendations to eliminate the identified violations.
Dear customers, check the product details before buying anything, check, whether this product is included in the register of hazardous products on the website of the State Committee for Standardization of the Republic of Belarus by the link https://gosstandart.gov.by/.